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Dog Glossary – G

Glossary of Dog Terms:


Gait: The pattern of footsteps at various rates of speed, each pattern distinguished by a particular rhythm and footfall.

Gallop: Fastest of dog gaits; has a four-beat rhythm and often an extra period of suspension during which the body is propelled through the air with all four feet off the ground.

Game: Hunted wild birds or animals.

Gaskin: The lower or second thigh.

Gastric: Of, relating to, or associated with the stomach.

Gay Tail: A tail carried above the horizontal level of the back.

Gazehound: See Sighthound

Genealogy: Recorded family descent. Pedigree.

Gene pool: The collective genetic information contained within a population of sexually reproducing organisms.

Genes: A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupies a specific location on a chromosome and determines a particular characteristic in an organism. Genes undergo mutation when their DNA sequence changes.

Genetically Linked Defects: Problems with health or temperament that are passed to offspring by their ancestors.

Genetics: The science of heredity.

Genotype: The genetic makeup, as distinguished from the physical appearance, of an organism or a group of organisms.

German Shepherd Dog: A breed of large dog developed in Germany, having a dense grayish to brownish or black coat and often trained to assist the police and guide the blind.

German Shorthaired Pointer: A breed of medium to large sporting and hunting dog, developed in Germany and having a short smooth coat with white and reddish to tan markings.

German Wirehaired Pointer: A large breed of hunting dog developed in Germany, with a coarse, wiry coat.

Gestation Period: The time between mating and birth (it averages 63 days).

Get: Offspring.

Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums, characterized by redness and swelling.

Golden Retriever: A retriever of a breed originating in Scotland, having a dense coat of golden hair with feathering at the neck, legs, and tail.

Goose Neck: An elongated, tubular-shaped neck. Also called swan neck.

Goose Rump: Too steep or sloping a croup.

Goose Step: Accentuated lift of the forelimbs.

Gordon Setter: A medium-sized hunting dog of a breed originating in Scotland, and having a silky black-and-tan coat.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog: A large, strong dog with a black coat with rust and white markings. Originally bred in Switzerland for drafting.

Great Pyrenees: A breed of large, heavy-boned dogs having a thick white coat and originally developed to guard sheep.

Greyhound: A breed of tall slender dog, having a smooth coat, a narrow head, and long legs and capable of running swiftly.

Grizzle: A mixture of black or red hairs with white hairs. Frequently, a bluish-gray or iron-gray color. Color definitions may vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.

Groom: To brush, comb, trim, or otherwise make a dog’s coat neat.

Grooming Powder: A talc-like powder meant to separate and give volume to the dog’s hair.

Ground Color: The color of the hair at the point that is closest to the body.

Groups: The breeds as grouped into seven divisions by the AKC to facilitate judging. The seven groups are: sporting, hound, working, toy, terrier, non-sporting, and herding.

Guard Hairs: The longer, smoother, stiffer hairs that grow through and normally conceal the undercoat.

Gun Dog: A dog trained to find or pursue game.