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Dog Glossary – F

Glossary of Dog Terms:


Fall: Hair overhanging the face.

Fallow: Pale cream to light fawn color; pale yellow; yellow-red. Color definitions may vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.

Fancier: A person especially interested and usually active in some phase of the sport of purebred dogs.

Fang: See Canines Teeth

Fawn:A brown, red-yellow with hue of medium brilliance. Color definitions may vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.

Feathering: Longer fringe of hair on ears, legs, tail, or body.

Femur: Thigh bone. Extends from hip to stifle.

Fetch: (1) The retrieving of game by the dog. (2) The command to retrieve game.

Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous vertebrate having a basic structural resemblance to the adult animal.

Fever: In dogs, a body temperature reading over 103ƒ.

Fibula: One of the two bones of the leg (i.e., the lower thigh, second thigh, or lower leg).

Fiddle Front: Forelegs out at elbows, pasterns close, and feet turned out. French front.

Field Trial: A competition for certain hound or sporting breeds in which dogs are judged on ability and style in tracking, finding, coursing, or retrieving game.

Filled-Up Face: Smooth facial contours, free of excessive muscular development.

Fillers: Meant to increase volume, chemicals and other indigestible material that are added to pet food.

Fixed: (1) See Neuter. (2) Surgical procedure that permanently changes the carriage of the tail or ears.

Flag: A long tail carried high. Feathering on the tail.

Flank: The side of the body between the last rib and the hip.

Flare: A blaze that widens as it approaches the topskull.

Flat-Sided: Ribs insufficiently rounded as they approach the sternum or breastbone.

Flews: Upper lip pendulous, particularly at their inner corners.

Floating Rib: The last (or 13th rib), which is unattached to the other ribs.

Fluffies: A coat of extreme length with exaggerated feathering on ears, chest, legs and feet, underparts, and hindquarters. Trimming such a coat does not make it any more acceptable.

Flush: To drive birds from cover, to force them to take flight; to spring.

Flushing Breeds: Term commonly applied to those spaniel breeds that typically flush or force a bird from cover.

Flyball: A dog sport in which teams of dogs race against each other from their handlers, over a line of hurdles, to a box that releases a tennis ball to be caught when the dog presses the spring loaded pad, then back to their handlers while carrying the ball.

Flying Ears: Any characteristic drop ears or semi-prick ears that stand or fly.

Flying Trot: A fast gait in which all four feet are off the ground for a brief second during each half stride. Because of the long reach, the oncoming hind feet step beyond the imprint left by the front. Also called suspension trot.

Folded Ears: As seen on the Fox Terrier, an ear which stands erect at the base and folds forward.

Follicle: A crypt or minute cul-de-sac or lacuna, such as the depression in the skin from which the hair emerges.

Forearm: The portion of the forelimb between the arm and the wrist.

Foreface: The front portion of the skull that articulates with the cranium.

Forequarters: The combined front assembly from its uppermost component, the shoulder blade, down to the feet.

Foster Mother: A bitch used to nurse puppies not her own.

Foul Color: A color or marking not characteristic for the breed. Color definitions may vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.

Foxtail: Any of several grasses of the genus Alopecurus, having dense, silky or bristly flowering spikes. They represent the most common penetrating foreign body that affects dogs in North America.

Foxy: Sharp expression; pointed nose with short foreface.

Fracture: A break, rupture, or crack, especially in bone or cartilage.

French Choke/Martingale: Examples of choke collars. See Training Collar.

French Front: See Fiddle Front.

Fresh Extended (Chilled) Semen: Semen that is extracted and extended by a licensed veterinarian. The semen must be extracted from a dog within the USA and shipped to a point within the USA only. This type of semen must be used within a specified period of time.

Frill: See Apron.

Fringes: See Feathering?

Frogface: Extending nose accompanied by a receding jaw, usually overshot.

Front: The forepart of the body as viewed head-on; i.e., forelegs, chest, brisket, and shoulder line.

Frontal Bones: The anterior bones of the cranium forming the forehead.

Frozen Semen: Semen that is extracted, frozen, and stored for future use by a licensed veterinarian. The collection must be reported to the AKC, and the collector/storer must be an AKC-approved facility and in compliance with AKC record keeping practices.

Fungicide: A chemical substance that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi.

Fungus: A primitive form of plant life that can be parasitic (as in the case of ringworm).

Furnishings: The long hair on the extremities (including head and tail) of certain breeds.

Furrow: A slight indentation of median line down the center of the skull to the stop.