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Dog Glossary – E

Glossary of Dog Terms:


Ears: The auditory organ, consisting of three regions: inner ear, middle ear, and the most important pinna (or leather), which is supported by cartilage and which affects the expression of all breeds.

Ear Mites: Microscopic insects that survive by feeding on the lining of the ear canal.

Earthdog Events: Non competitive tests that gauge the trained and natural abilities of Dachshunds and small terriers to follow game to ground.

East-West Front: Incorrect positioning that causes the feet to turn outwards.

Eclampsia: Coma and convulsions during or immediately after pregnancy, characterized by edema, hypertension, and proteinuria.

Elbow: The posterior region of the articulation between the arm and forearm.

Elbows Out: Turning out or off from the body; not held close.

Electronic Collar: A collar that provides a warning sound and/or an electric stimulation to the dog upon receipt of an electronic signal given by the user. Used as a training device.

Embryo: An undeveloped fetus.

English Setter: A breed of medium-sized dog developed in England and having a long, silky white coat usually with black or brownish markings.

Enteritis: Inflammation of the intestinal tract, especially of the small intestine.

Entire: A dog whose reproductive system is complete.

Entlebucher Cattle Dog: Also known as the Entlebucher Sennehund and the Entelbuch Mountain Dog. A square, sturdy dog of medium to large size originating in Switzerland.

Entropion: A complex genetic condition that results in the turning in of the upper or lower eyelid, potentially resulting in corneal ulceration.

Estrus: The periodic state of sexual excitement in the female of most mammals, excluding humans, that immediately precedes ovulation and during which the female is most receptive to mating; heat.

Euthanasia: The act or practice of ending the life of an individual suffering from a terminal illness or an incurable condition, as by lethal injection or the suspension of extraordinary medical treatment.

Even Bite: Meeting of upper and lower incisors with no overlap. Also called level bite.

Ewe Neck: A neck in which the topline is concave rather than convex.

Expression: The general appearance of all the features of the head.

External Parasite: Organisms that affect the outside areas of the body, such as ticks and mites.

Eyeteeth: The upper canines.