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Cat Glossary – G

Glossary of Cat Terms:


Gastric: Of, relating to, or associated with the stomach.

Gastritis: Chronic or acute inflammation of the stomach, especially of the mucous membrane of the stomach.

Genealogy: Recorded family descent. Pedigree.

Gene pool: The collective genetic information contained within a population of sexually reproducing organisms.

Genes: A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupies a specific location on a chromosome and determines a particular characteristic in an organism. Genes undergo mutation when their DNA sequence changes.

Genetic: Inherited.

Genetically Linked Defects: Problems with health or temperament that are passed to offspring by their ancestors.

Genetics: The science of heredity.

Genotype: The genetic makeup, as distinguished from the physical appearance, of an organism or a group of organisms.

Genus: A taxonomic category ranking below a family and above a species and generally consisting of a group of species exhibiting similar characteristics. In taxonomic nomenclature the genus name is used, either alone or followed by a Latin adjective or epithet, to form the name of a species.

Geriatric: Of or relating to the aged or to characteristics of the aging process.

Ghost Markings: As seen in some self or solid colored cats, particularly when young, these are faint tabby markings.

Gib: A neutered male cat.

Gland: A cell, a group of cells, or an organ that produces a secretion for use elsewhere in the body or in a body cavity or for elimination from the body.

Glaucoma: Any of a group of eye diseases characterized by abnormally high intraocular fluid pressure, damaged optic disk, hardening of the eyeball, and partial to complete loss of vision.

Granuloma: A mass of inflamed granulation tissue, usually associated with ulcerated infections.

Groom: To brush, comb, trim, or otherwise make a cat’s coat neat.

Guard Hair: The long, coarse hairs which form the outer coat.