Glossary of Dog Terms:
Rabies: An acute, infectious, often fatal viral disease of most warm-blooded animals, especially wolves, cats, and dogs, that attacks the central nervous system and is transmitted by the bite of infected animals.
Racy: Tall, of comparatively slight build.
Radius: One of the two bones of the forearm.
Ragged: Muscles appear ragged rather than smooth.
Rangy: Tall, long in body, high on leg, light-framed; gangly.
Rat Tail: The root thick and covered with soft curls; at the tip devoid of hair, or having the appearance of being clipped.
Reach of Front: Length of forward stride taken by forelegs.
Rear Pastern: The metatarsus; the region of the hindquarters between the hock and the foot.
Recessive Gene: A gene that is phenotypically expressed in the homozygous state but has its expression masked in the presence of a dominant gene.
Red: A reddish orange color of dog.
Red Sesame: Red with a sparse black overlay (Shiba Inu). Color definitions may vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.
Registration Papers: Documents showing proof of registration, date of birth, parents, breeder and owner issued by a dog association for a particular dog.
Register: The act of enlisting a dog, puppy or litter with a dog association.
Registries: Organizations that keep official records on specific subjects. With respect to dogs, there are registries of purebred dogs for tracking lineage and health registries for rating certain health conditions (e.g., Canine Eye Registry Foundation, Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, etc.).
Renal: Of, relating to, or in the region of the kidneys.
Retrieve: Performance: A hunting term. The act of bringing game back to the handler. Obedience: An exercise in some obedience classes.
Retrieving Breeds: Term commonly applied to those sporting breeds that typically return birds to hand from water or over land.
Reward: Anything positive, such as treats or praise, that can be used as a motivating factor to induce desired behavior.
Rhodesian Ridgeback: A breed of large dog developed in Africa, having short, reddish-brown hair that forms a ridge along the back.
Rib Cage: The collection of paired ribs, cartilage, sternum, and associated tissue that define the thoracic region.
Ribbed Up: Long ribs that angle back from the spinal column. A reference to a long rib cage.
Ring Tail: Carried up and around almost in a circle.
Roach Back: A convex curvature of the back involving thoracic and lumbar regions.
Roan: Frequently a blue-gray or iron-gray, this color is the fine mixing of colored hairs with white hairs. For example, a blue roan is a coat comprised of black and white hairs. (Note: This is the same definition as the Belton color in English Setters.) Color definitions may vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.
Rocking Horse: Both front and rear legs extended out from the body as on an old-fashioned rocking horse.
Rolling Gait: Swaying, ambling action of the hindquarters when moving.
Roman Nose: A nose whose bridge is so comparatively high as to form a slightly convex line from forehead to nose tip. Ram’s nose.
Rose Ear: A small drop ear that folds over and back so as to reveal the burr.
Rottweiler: A German breed of dog having a stocky body, short black fur, and tan face markings.
Rounding: Cutting or trimming the ends of the ear leather.
Ruby: A rich, mahogany red (English Toy Spaniel). Color definitions may vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.
Rudder: The tail or stern.
Ruddy: A dark ginger red color.
Ruff: Thick, longer hair growing around the neck.
Rust: Used to describe several breeds, this color is a medium-brilliant reddish brown. Color definitions may vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.