Glossary of Cat Terms:
Gastric: Of, relating to, or associated with the stomach.
Gastritis: Chronic or acute inflammation of the stomach, especially of the mucous membrane of the stomach.
Genealogy: Recorded family descent. Pedigree.
Gene pool: The collective genetic information contained within a population of sexually reproducing organisms.
Genes: A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupies a specific location on a chromosome and determines a particular characteristic in an organism. Genes undergo mutation when their DNA sequence changes.
Genetically Linked Defects: Problems with health or temperament that are passed to offspring by their ancestors.
Genetics: The science of heredity.
Genotype: The genetic makeup, as distinguished from the physical appearance, of an organism or a group of organisms.
Genus: A taxonomic category ranking below a family and above a species and generally consisting of a group of species exhibiting similar characteristics. In taxonomic nomenclature the genus name is used, either alone or followed by a Latin adjective or epithet, to form the name of a species.
Geriatric: Of or relating to the aged or to characteristics of the aging process.
Ghost Markings: As seen in some self or solid colored cats, particularly when young, these are faint tabby markings.
Gib: A neutered male cat.
Gland: A cell, a group of cells, or an organ that produces a secretion for use elsewhere in the body or in a body cavity or for elimination from the body.
Glaucoma: Any of a group of eye diseases characterized by abnormally high intraocular fluid pressure, damaged optic disk, hardening of the eyeball, and partial to complete loss of vision.
Granuloma: A mass of inflamed granulation tissue, usually associated with ulcerated infections.
Groom: To brush, comb, trim, or otherwise make a cat’s coat neat.
Guard Hair: The long, coarse hairs which form the outer coat.